diamond and gold mining in south africa in th century

South Africa - Diamonds, gold, and imperialist ...

South Africa - South Africa - Diamonds, gold, and imperialist intervention (1870–1902): South Africa experienced a transformation between 1870, when the diamond rush to Kimberley began, and 1902, when the South African War ended. Midway between these dates, in 1886, the world’s largest goldfields were discovered on the Witwatersrand. As the predominantly agrarian societies of European ...

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A history of mining in South Africa (ZA)

M M ining in South Africa has been a contentious issue since 15-year-old Erasmus Stephanus Jacobs discovered South Africa’s first diamond, the Eureka, in Hopetown in 1867. It kickstarted what historians call the Mineral Revolution, which made few European opportunists wealthy beyond measure, and saw hundreds of thousands of men leaving their homes to become fulltime mineworkers.

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A Perspective on the South African Mining Industry in the ...

The discovery of world-class diamond and gold deposits in the latter half of the 19th century laid the foundations for transformation of South Africa from an essentially agricultural to a modern industrial economy. Mining − embracing numerous other minerals too, in which South Africa has an exceptional geological endowment − remained at the heart of the economy in the 20th century ...

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Diamond exploration and mining in southern Africa: some ...

From 1870 until shortly before the start of the First World War the diamond mines of South Africa accounted for almost 100% of global diamond production. During the latter part of this period the main diamond-producing company of the time, De Beers, enjoyed a virtual monopoly in diamond supply from its kimberlite mines. This situation started to change shortly after the turn of the 19th ...

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A Perspective on the South African Mining Industry in the ...

The discovery of world-class diamond and gold deposits in the latter half of the 19th century laid the foundations for transformation of South Africa from an essentially agricultural to a modern industrial economy. Mining − embracing numerous other minerals too, in which South Africa has an exceptional geological endowment − remained at the heart of the economy in the 20th century ...

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Brief history of diamond mining in South Africa -

The Cullinan diamond is discovered at the Premier mine. At 3,106.75ct, it is the largest rough diamond ever found. The Premier mine is later renamed the Cullinan mine. The Cullinan diamond is cut into nine gems. The two biggest are presented to King Edward VII

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South Africa - Gold mining Britannica

South Africa - South Africa - Gold mining: Prospectors established in 1886 the existence of a belt of gold-bearing reefs 40 miles (60 km) wide centred on present-day Johannesburg. The rapid growth of the gold-mining industry intensified processes started by the diamond boom: immigration, urbanization, capital investment, and labour migrancy. By 1899 the gold industry attracted investment worth ...

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South-African-Mines - Mining Artifacts

Ownership of the diamond and gold mines became concentrated in the hands of a few entrepreneurs, largely of European origin, known as the Randlords. The gold mining industry continued to grow throughout much of the early 20th century, significantly contributing to the tripling of the economic value of what was then known as the Union of South Africa. In particular, revenue from gold exports ...

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Roots of Apartheid: South Africa’s Mining Industry

latter half of the 19 th century. Important diamond deposits were discovered at Kimberley in 1869. Gold was discovered in the Witwatersrand —the Greater Johannesburg Area—in 1886, leading to a gold rush that attracted prospectors, labourers, shopkeepers and others from all over what was soon to become South Africa 2. The areas around the mines urbanized rapidly. Housing was hastily ...

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Diamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa, 1869-1910

The diamond mines provided the largest and most accessible labour and gun markets for Africans from 'the interior of southern Africa. Africans went to do a spell of minework, which became culturally institutionalised as a rite of manhood. They left at the command of their chiefs and were subject to headmen in the mining camps. They commonly worked between three and six months in the mines ...

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Grade 8 - Term 2: The Mineral Revolution in South Africa ...

By then, South Africa had no known gold deposits such as those the Portuguese had sought in West Africa in the fifteenth century. The discovery of diamonds in 1869 and of gold in 1886 changed the South African economy significantly. European investment flowed in; by the end of the nineteenth century, it was equivalent to all European investment in the rest of Africa. International banks and ...

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A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa took place all over southern Africa4, with stringent health checks before miners were accepted. In addition to the inherent dangers of work underground—in 1907 mortality ran at 470 per 100 000 employees per annum 2—were the recognized dangers of high pre-existing pneumonia rates.

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Randlord - Wikipedia

Randlords were the entrepreneurs who controlled the diamond and gold mining industries in South Africa in its pioneer phase from the 1870s up to World War I.. A small number of European adventurers and financiers, largely of the same generation, gained control of the diamond mining industry at Kimberley, Northern Cape.They set up an infrastructure of financing and industrial consolidation ...

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All About the Kimberley Diamond Mine in South Africa

At Kimberley visitors can view a 17-minute movie about the location and the history of diamond mining in Africa. They also get to walk out on a high platform to view The Big Hole, take a ride down a faux mining shaft, enter a locked vault to view genuine diamonds of all colors, and visit a small museum.

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Gold and Diamonds in South Africa.

Kimberley mine in 1873, only a few years after the digging for diamonds started Discovery of Gold and Diamonds in South Africa When gold was discovered in the eastern Transvaal (Pilgrim’s Rest, Mac-Mac Waterfalls and Barberton) a similar process took place. New towns were established to accommodate the huge influx of people. Mining magnates ...

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Brief history of diamond mining in South Africa -

The Cullinan diamond is discovered at the Premier mine. At 3,106.75ct, it is the largest rough diamond ever found. The Premier mine is later renamed the Cullinan mine. The Cullinan diamond is cut into nine gems. The two biggest are presented to King Edward VII

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History of mining in South Africa: The key events ...

Alongside these internal fractures, the South African mining industry was placed under additional pressure by developments overseas in the latter half of the 20 th century. The development of diamond projects in countries such as Russia dramatically depleted the value of De Beers, whose near-monopoly over the global diamond trade began to erode; according to analyst Paul Zimnisky, the company ...

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South Africa - Gold and Diamonds - Country Studies

South Africa's modern history has often been dated from the first commercial mining of diamonds and gold in the 1870s and the ... mining operations expanded to include more than two dozen other minerals. By the mid-twentieth century, South Africa was the world's largest producer or second largest producer of gold, diamonds, platinum, chromium, manganese, and vanadium; and it ranked high

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South African Mining - Mining Africa

Gold Mining in South Africa. The discovery of gold in South Africa in the 19th century sparked the development of eGoli (City of Gold), which is the name in Zulu for Johannesburg. Even though South African gold only accounts for 4.2% of global gold production, it is still home to the world’s largest gold resource—the Witwatersrand Basin, which stretches over an arc of around 400 kilometers ...

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Roots of Apartheid: South Africa’s Mining Industry

latter half of the 19 th century. Important diamond deposits were discovered at Kimberley in 1869. Gold was discovered in the Witwatersrand —the Greater Johannesburg Area—in 1886, leading to a gold rush that attracted prospectors, labourers, shopkeepers and others from all over what was soon to become South Africa 2. The areas around the mines urbanized rapidly. Housing was hastily ...

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Grade 8 - Term 2: The Mineral Revolution in South Africa ...

By then, South Africa had no known gold deposits such as those the Portuguese had sought in West Africa in the fifteenth century. The discovery of diamonds in 1869 and of gold in 1886 changed the South African economy significantly. European investment flowed in; by the end of the nineteenth century, it was equivalent to all European investment in the rest of Africa. International banks and ...

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Randlord - Wikipedia

Randlords were the entrepreneurs who controlled the diamond and gold mining industries in South Africa in its pioneer phase from the 1870s up to World War I.. A small number of European adventurers and financiers, largely of the same generation, gained control of the diamond mining industry at Kimberley, Northern Cape.They set up an infrastructure of financing and industrial consolidation ...

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A brief history of diamonds and the Big Hole in Kimberley ...

1869: The Star of South Africa, an 83.5 carat rough diamond, is discovered by a Griqua herdsman in Hopetown. It triggers the first diamond rush. 1870: In mid-1870 diamonds are found in the river diggings at Klip Drift (now Barkly West), triggering the second diamond rush. Later that year diamonds are found at the farm Bultfontein on the edge of modern-day Kimberley. In December diamonds were ...

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Diamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa, 1869-1910 ...

The 'pass laws' and migrant labour of apartheid in South Africa today have their origins in the policies designed to control the black workers in the diamond mines a century ago. Rob Turrell Published in History Today Volume 36 Issue 5 May 1986. Racial discrimination in South Africa is based on the migrant labour system. Unlike other South Africans, Africans are treated as foreigners outside ...

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